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European Union - Annual Dairy report 2013 (new)
In 2013, despite favorable world market conditions for dairy products, EU-28 milk deliveries should increase only slightly year-over-year due to higher production costs and unfavorable weather conditions earlier in the year. The latter half of the year shows an improving feed situation as reflected via rising on-farm fluid milk deliveries. High cheese demand, both domestically (EU-28) and internationally (primarily Russia), is attracting fluid milk into that sector at the expense of the Whole Dry Milk (WDM), Non Fat Dried Milk (NFDM) and butter sectors. The consequence of the short fluid milk supply early in 2013 is smaller volumes of NFDM and WDM moving into export channels. In 2014, fluid milk output is expected to increase a half percent over 2013 in response to projected lower feed costs and stronger demand for milk products in supply-tight international dairy markets. Although the majority of increased 2014 milk output is expected to be directed to the manufacturing of cheese, production of milk powders and butter should show expansion trends.
European Union - Oilseeds Update - Expectations for Bumper Sunflower Crop - October 2013 (new)
This report provides EU-28 (EU-27 and Croatia, which joined the EU on July 1, 2013) production, supply, and demand forecasts for oilseeds, protein meals and related products.
EU-28 Poultry sector to grow again in 2013 and 2014 (new)
EU-28 broiler sector is expected to grow in 2013 and 2014, benefiting from slowly growing domestic demand (which is less affected than other meats by the economic recession). Brazil and Thailand will remain the largest suppliers of broiler meat to the EU-27. EU-28 broiler meat exports are expected to remain stable in 2013, mainly due to the suspension in July 2013 of all EU-28 poultry meat export restitutions not being offset by increased exports of low-priced cuts. On the other hand, EU-28 Turkey sector resumed its decline as both trade and consumption are expected to decrease.
European Union - 2013 Biofuels Annual Report (new)
EU Member States are mandated to reach a minimum of 10 percent for renewable energy consumed in transport in 2020. To count against the 10 percent goal, biofuels must meet sustainability requirements laid down in the Renewable Energy Directive (RED). During 2007 – 2012, about a fifth of the domestic use of transport biofuels was imported from outside the EU, but a series of trade actions have been imposed to stymie this trade of bioethanol and biodiesel. The EC expects that solid biomass for heat and power generation will play an important role in meeting the 20 percent target for renewable energy use by 2020.
French Buyer Reports 180 000 USD Sales Resulting from Buyers Mission (new)
FAS Paris nominated one French buyer to participate in the Organic Trade Association’s foreign buyers’ mission to the Natural Products Expo West in Anaheim, California, from March 8-10, 2013. As a follow up, the French buyer reports a first contract for a value of $180,000 sales resulting from this mission for the next twelve months.
European Union - Annual Agricultural Biotechnology Report - 2013 (new)
In the European Union (EU), governments, the media, non-governmental organizations, consumer groups, and industry associations remain conflicted about the use of agricultural biotechnology. Acceptance varies greatly among adopters, the conflicted, and opposed Member States (MS). EU and MS authorities have developed a complex and lengthy policy framework for plant and animal biotechnology that slows down and limits research, development, production, and imports. Nevertheless, the area planted to GE corn continues to expand in five MS, and the EU is a major consumer of biotech products, with millions of tons of GE soybean and corn products imported every year. The growing adoption of the technology by leading agricultural producer countries makes it increasingly difficult and expensive for EU companies to source non-biotech products and ingredients for food products that are labeled as ‘non-GMO’.
France is a leading dairy producer, processor, and exporter in the European Union (EU) and its industry is expected to be significantly impacted by the termination of the EU production quotas in 2015. There are currently intense discussions within the industry and among policy makers on how to adapt to this major change in policy. Dairy supply in the most productive regions of France has the potential to increase once quotas are abolished, which could result in higher exports of dairy commodities. Dried products production capacity is already being expanded, which may impact U.S. trade, since France and U.S. products (mainly non fat dried milk) compete on world markets. In addition, France continues to protect the production of high-value products sold under Geographical Indications (GIs), where productivity is lower. France has vigorously defended GIs in the past and will continue to push strongly for wider recognition of GIs during the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership negotiations.
The End of EU Broiler Export Refunds Will Hurt France (new)
On July 19, 2013, the EU suspended all export refunds for poultry. These refunds had been going almost exclusively to two French exporters of frozen broilers. Unsurprisingly, the decision has been strongly criticized in France. While eliminating the export refunds will not stop all French poultry exports to the Middle East, is likely to further weaken the industry, which has already been experiencing financial difficulties.
European Union - Crop update following accession of Croatia (new)
The last three months have seen a slow start to a cold and, in parts very wet, spring in the EU-28. This has had a negative impact on the wheat and barley crops but the outlook remains positive overall. In the UK, the cold weather caused some late planting of winter wheat while across Northern Europe the cold weather has slowed crop development and delayed spring plantings. This is particularly the case in parts of France. Further south, where the weather has been wetter than the norm, the Italian wheat and corn crops have suffered. There have also been delays to spring plantings in the south but the rain has boosted soil moisture levels, particularly in Spain, Portugal and Romania. Overall the EU-28 grain crop forecast is reduced just 2 MMT on previous expectations to 292.6 MMT.
U.S. Food Products Recognized at U.S. Ambassador’s 4th of July Reception (new)
The Office of Agricultural Affairs recruited 28 U.S. sponsors for the reception organized at the U.S. Ambassador’s Residence in honor of the 237th anniversary of the Independence of the United States of America July 4, 2013. The 4th of July reception afforded the U.S. mission in France an opportunity to forge closer personal contacts with French government officials, industry contacts, and media representatives. FAS Paris took the lead of recruiting U.S. sponsors and featured a variety of menu options that highlighted U.S. cuisine, including Alaska wild salmon and king crab, Oregon cheese, California and Oregon wines, Florida grapefruit, as well as Kentucky bourbons. FAS Paris increased the awareness of U.S. agricultural products, as several of the over 2,000 guests were not aware of the diversity of the U.S. products available on the French market.
France - Agricultural Biotechnology Annual Report - 2013 - Significant Research and Imports - No Production (new)
French Buyer Reports 600 000 USD Sales Resulting from Buyers Mission
FAS Paris nominated one French buyer to participate in the Organic Trade Association’s foreign buyers’ mission to the Natural Products Expo West in Anaheim, California, from March 8-10, 2013. As a follow up, the French buyer estimates a total of $600,000 projected sales resulting from this mission for the next twelve months.
France - Limiting First-Generation Biofuels - TTIP Sensitive Issue
An intense discussion is currently taking place among industry stakeholders and policy makers on whether to limit first-generation biofuels, and if so, by how much, in reaction to the European Commission's proposition to reduce the food-based biofuels blending target from 10 to 5 percent by 2020. France's bioethanol industry favors an eight percent target, while the Ministry of Environment favors taking Indirect Land Use Change into consideration, based on recent studies made in France. In addition, French bioethanol producers expressed that the EU biofuels industry will not be able to stand trade liberalization under the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) negotiations launched this year.
2013 Annual EU-27 Oilseeds Report - Ample Soybean World Supplies to Boost EU-27 Soybean Meal Consumption
Expectations for a total EU-27 oilseeds production in MY 2013/14 are for an 8.6 percent increase reaching 29.7 MMT. Compared to the previous year rapeseed, sunflower and soybean production is forecast to grow. The increase is through higher acreage of rapeseed especially in Germany and Eastern European countries and normal yields of sunflower which were down in MY 2012/13 due to drought in major producing countries. Ample global soy supplies, combined with increases in EU-27 poultry and swine, are expected to increase the use of soybean meal in animal feed starting in the second half of MY 2012/13 and continuing into MY 2013/14.
France and the Bioeconomy or Green Economy
As part of the European bioeconomy strategy launched one year ago, the Government, industry, and science research institutes in France are focusing on the bioeconomy as a strategy to address climate change and limited fossil resources. Over the past few months, a number of conferences have been organized on this topic, where France's government has shown interest in the U.S. approach of the bioeconomy.
France - Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards
France is a member of the European Union (EU) and generally follows EU directives and regulations, including those relating to the importation of food products. This report provides an overview of food laws in force in France that cover areas which are not yet harmonized. This report also provides contact information and technical reference materials for exporters of U.S. foods to France.
2013 Annual EU Grain and Feed Report
The outlook for the MY2013/14 EU27 grain crop is positive. While there were some weather-related fall planting delays, the crops are developing with minimal winterkill. A partial thaw in February was followed by a cold spell, which delayed spring plantings. If the forecast crop of 292 million metric tons (MMT) is realized, it will be a more sizeable crop than last year, but still 20 MMT below the record. Feed grain consumption is forecast upwards, albeit masking a switch from corn to other grains, while industrial grain usage is forecast up, although limited by the temporary closure of a UK-based bio-ethanol plant. The MY2013/14 balance suggests that the EU27 will be able to meet export demand, but much will ultimately depend on the size and quality of the harvest.
French Law Banning Bisphenol A in Food Containers Enacted
In late December 2012, France officially passed a law suspending the production, trade and marketing of food containers containing Bisphenol A (BPA). Such containers are banned as January 1, 2013 for food products intended for infants and on January 1, 2015 for all other products. France notified the European Union and has also to notify the World Trade Organization. In the meantime, food containers containing BPA will have to bear a warning label for pregnant women and infants. Except for baby food, industry is far for being ready and the legislation will hamper French food industry competitiveness and negatively impact trade of food products, including French imports of U.S. canned food.
France Chooses Agro-Ecology for a More Sustainable Agriculture
Under France’s recently formed government, the Ministry of Agriculture has launched an initiative to make agriculture more sustainable, which aims to make France a champion of agro-ecology. Under this initiative, the Ministry puts forward practices that are environment-friendly and increase farms’ autonomy. The government’s focus is on the environmental and social legs of sustainability in agriculture.