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Throughout the year, we produce a wide array of reports that provide analysis and forecasts about commodity markets in France and in the European Union (EU). These reports help identify trends in the EU market.
Our reports are exclusively based on publicly available information. The latest reports are available below.
All the past reports are available on the global website of the Foreign Agricultural Service.
EU Tree Nuts Annual Report, 9/15/2017
The European Union-28 is the largest export market for U.S. tree nuts. In 2016, tree nut shipments from the United States to the EU-28 reached $2.95 billion. Almonds totaled $1.6 billion in sales (both in-shell and shelled), followed by walnuts with almost $420 million and pistachios with $380 million. The growing popularity of healthier snacking and eating habits amongst European consumers is expected to continue the positive trend in nuts consumption.
EU Fresh Deciduous Fruit Annual Report, 10/27/2017
Due to late frost throughout the EU and hot spells in Southern and Eastern EU, commercial apple production in MY 2017/18 is estimated to be 18 percent down compared to the previous season. This is the lowest apple production since 2007. Imports should increase by 42 percent as a result. The forecast for EU commercial pear production is 0.3 percent lower. Overall EU commercial table grapes production is expected to be down by 13 percent. This is mainly because of significantly lower production in Italy affected by heavy rainfalls.
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EU Stone Fruit Annual Report, 8/22/2017
EU-28 production of peaches and nectarines in MY 2017/18 is estimated at 4 million MT, 6 percent higher compared to the previous harvest due to favorable weather conditions. Total cherry production in MY 2017/18 is projected at 576,346 MT, a 21 percent decrease compared with last season, following the downward trend of the last two years, where the growth in Italy and Spain could not compensate for the strong decline in Poland and Germany. Due to the Russian ban, the value of EU-28 stone fruit exports experienced important declines. During MY 2016/17 volumes of cherries imported from the United States decreased by 47 percent. In MY 2017/18 U.S. cherries exports may also be hurt by the French pesticide ban.
EU Citrus Annual Report, 12/21/2017
MY 2017/18 EU-28 citrus production is projected to reach 10.8 MMT, meaning a decline of 8.5 percent when compared to the previous year. The reduction is due to a decrease in production expected in the main EU-28 citrus regions. Spain, the main EU-28 citrus producer, expects 12 percent lower citrus production than the previous year with 6.2 MMT. Italy, the second major EU-28 citrus producer, is expecting a 7 percent decrease in citrus production with 2.9 MMT. The climate conditions experienced, drought, high temperatures and citrus cycle are the main reasons for this drop. Due to this reduction, EU-28 orange juice production is also expected to decline. New strategic markets for EU-28 citrus exports continue to be China, Middle East and Canada. Citrus trade between the United States and the EU-28 follows a downward trend except for EU-28 lemons.
EU Potatoes and Potato Products Annual Report, 11/10/2016
Production of ware potatoes is expected to be slightly lower than last year; imports from within the EU will ensure full use of the processing capacity in Belgium and the Netherlands. EU exports of frozen potato products are expected to be similar to last year despite the slight rise in price. The future for the European frozen potato product industry looks bright due to growing demand for these products in the Middle East, Russia, Latin America and South East Asia.
EU Oilseeds Annual Report, 3/29/2018
Total EU oilseeds area and production in MY 2018/19 is forecast slightly upward due to increasing acreage of all three major oilseeds (rapeseed, soybean, and sunflower). Good weather supported oilseeds plantings, especially rapeseed where expanded acreage with higher yields is expected across the continent. Sunflower production is forecast lower compared to last year’s record high, despite increased area. High availability of sunflower and rapeseed meals should favor feed use of these two meals. Increasing competition from animal fats and recycled vegetable oils as feedstocks for biofuels and stagnant to declining biofuels production adds to increasing pressure on the rapeseed oil market.
EU Grain and Feed Annual Report, 3/30/2017
The EU28’s grain harvest is forecast to rise 3 percent in MY2017/18 despite little change to the planted area. This follows the weather driven decline in the French grain harvest experienced in MY2016/17, a significant factor that continues to weigh on the EU28 grain balance. The current outlook for the MY2017/18 EU28 grain crop is good and spring planting is now under way. In large part due to the problems experienced in France, MY2016/17 has seen a significant supply-driven decline in exports. They are currently forecast to recover somewhat in MY2017/18 but not to pre-MY2016/17 levels.
EU Biofuels Annual Report, 6/19/2017
Approaching the 2020 mandates laid down in the Renewable Energy Directive (RED), EU bioethanol and biodiesel consumption is forecast to grow in 2017 and 2018. On November 30, 2016, the European Commission (EC) published a new legislative proposal (RED II) for the period 2021-2030. The RED II progressively caps the use of food-based biofuels. The blending rates for advanced biofuels are stepwise increased between 2020 and 2030, which aims to boost the market for these non-food based biofuels. The RED II also includes additional harmonized sustainability criteria for products from biofuels to biomass. The proposed sustainability requirements are a potential trade barrier for the import of wood pellets.
EU Biofuel Mandates in the EU by Member State, 6/1/2017
This report provides an overview on the biofuel use mandates in the various EU-28 member states. It supplements the EU-28 Biofuel Annual Report.
EU Agricultural Biotechnology Annual Report, 12/22/2017
The EU’s complex and lengthy policy framework for biotechnology slows down and limits research, development, production and imports. This situation has direct consequences for EU farmers, who have limited access to agricultural tools and see their competitiveness eroding. At the same time, it creates an unattractive environment for research. The EU plant breeding sector is focusing their efforts on Innovative Biotechnologies, whose regulatory status is still to be defined. Public and private initiatives in EU Member States differentiate themselves by using voluntary genetically engineered (GE)-free labels and this increases the bloc’s demand for non GE soybean meal and discourages GE corn cultivation in the EU, which since 2017 is limited to two Member States.
France Agricultural Biotechnology Annual Report, 6/29/2017
Although public opinion in France is generally opposed to products derived from biotechnology, the livestock industry is dependent upon imported genetically engineered (GE) products to meet its feed needs. France has no commercial production or field trials of GE crops, but some laboratory research is being conducted in the country. The French administration is conflicted on the way innovative biotechnologies should be regulated. The seed industry and the main farm organizations have developed a detailed position in favor of innovative biotechnologies, while anti-biotech groups have conducted a few actions against them. Public awareness is low. As for animal biotechnology, it is mainly used for medical research purposes.
EU Dairy and Products Annual Report, 5/17/2017
In 2016 milk deliveries in the European Union (EU) increased by an estimated 0.5 percent and are expected to only slightly increase in 2017. In 2016 production of cheese, whole dry milk (WDM) and butter increased, which remained in demand on the world market. Non-fat dried milk (NFDM) production also increased but was used by the EU in the market intervention programs. In 2017 an increasing volume of milk is expected to be processed into cheese. Production of butter, NFDM and WDM is expected to stagnate. The European Commission (EC) continued intervention on the dairy market in 2016 through subsidizing public stocks of NFDM, and private storage of NFDM, butter and cheese. After six months break the EC purchases of NFDM for public intervention stocks started again in April 2017. In addition, the EC successfully implemented a voluntary milk production reduction program, allocating U.S. $168 million for compensation paid to farmers.
EU Poultry Annual Report, 9/13/2017
The EU-28 broiler sector is expected to grow in 2017 and 2018, driven by a slow but steady increase in domestic demand. Brazil and Thailand will remain the largest suppliers of broiler meat to the EU-28. Ukraine is the third-largest supplier, benefitting from its 2014 EU-28 free trade agreement. EU-28 broiler meat exports are expected to decrease in 2017 due to HPAI related embargoes in several export destinations, notably South Africa. Exports are expected to resume growth in 2018 driven by a large increase in exports of low-priced cuts, bone-in cuts and mechanically deboned meat (MDM) to SubSaharan Africa and parts of Asia.
EU Livestock and Products Annual Report, 9/12/2017
For the first time since 2002, the EU is expected to become a net exporter of beef for two successive years as less efficient dairy producers continue to switch to beef cattle. Good market conditions for the swine sector in 2016 and first half of 2017 has geared up the production of piglets, which is forecast to result in an increase in slaughter during the second half of this year. However, demand from China is forecast to be significantly lower pushing the European Commission and individual Member States to open alternative export markets for the anticipated oversupply of pork.
EU Sugar Semi-Annual Report, 10/5/2017
The first EU sugar production after the termination of the quota regime, MY 2017/18, is set to reach 20.1 million MT, with an additional 1.8 million MT for industrial use. This compares to a production of 16.5 million MT in MY 2016/17. With stable domestic consumption, EU sugar exports in MY 2017/18 are forecast at 2.5 million MT. EU sugar imports are forecast to decrease to 2 million MT as decreases in preferential imports are not offset by imports under new FTAs. The UK production increase allows British sugar processors to capture market share ahead of the 2019 Brexit. The EU isoglucose market, liberated from the quota limitations, is forecast to grow moderately.
EU Wine Policy Report, 12/13/2016
The EU remains the world's largest wine producer despite lower production levels in 2016 compared to 2015. U.S. exporters should be aware that specific wine labeling rules set out in the EU's Single Common Market Organization regulation 1308/2013 are supplemented by the EU's general labeling rules set out in the "Food Information to Consumers" regulation 1169/2011. This report provides an overview of policy developments and EU legislation on wine.
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